The unmaking of a city: CAG’s lens on Noida exposes multiple improprieties

By Bibek Debroy

Uttar Pradesh is often in the news, even if there are no elections. It is a large state, with a large population. It has a large economy and India’s growth and development trajectory are dependent on what happens to UP. Its districts are heterogeneous and a shade over 10% of UP’s GSDP originates from Gautam Buddha Nagar district, which includes Noida, Greater Noida, Dadri, Jewar and Dankaur. UP is a state with extremes, understandable for a large state. There are districts like Gautam Buddha Nagar, Lucknow, Agra and Prayagraj. And, there are districts like Chitrakoot, Mahoba, Shravasti and Balrampur. However, visibility-wise (depending certainly on who is viewing), Noida gets some extra prominence, and now, so does Greater Noida. Noida is a “planned city”, as is Greater Noida, the extension.

Noida was set up on April 17, 1976. Section 3 of the Uttar Pradesh Industrial Area Development Act 1976 provided for notification of a Noida Authority and the 1976 legislation was “for the constitution of an Authority for the development of certain areas in the state into industrial and urban township”. Noida has won several awards.

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